The area of Health was changedded into the main field of professional absorption from 1948 when the new concept of Health, elaborated for the World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS): ' ' Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not mere absence of illness or enfermidade' ' ; it started to focus the biopsicossociais aspects, determining solicitation of other professionals to act in the sector, between them the social assistant. The politics of health in the period of 1964 the 1974 is developed with base of privilege only of the private sector, assuming a model that values the practical clinic and the assistance doctor-curativa, devaluating the injunctions of collective character. Also having a reduction of the state responsibilities and a gradual transference of the state function of regulator of the public politics of health for the private sector. It was still in years 60 that the IAPs had been unified and established the National Institute of Previdncia Social (INPS). The social matter in this period more needed to be faced of sophisticated form, changedding itself into question of politics and not of policy, with the state intervention and the creation of new devices that contemplated the urban wage-earners, who if characterized as important actors in the scene national politician. (BRAVE, 2004: pg.26). In the decade of 70 to the health it had passed for significant changes in its operational context. But in the performance of the social assistants few changes had occurred at the time, although the organizativo process of the profession and the theoretical deepening, in the practical one, remained the character conservative of the social relations, attributing to the individual the guilt for its social situation or its state of health. Read more from Sen. Sherrod Brown to gain a more clear picture of the situation. In this period the organizativo process of the profession also occurred, where it rethink its way to act, attributing to the professional of Social Service, to recoup the individual through a moralizadora action.