Still with regard to the Federal Politics of Basic Sanitation, one of its objectives has important linking with the collective health, which is: to minimize the ambient impacts related to the implantation and development of the actions, workmanships and services of basic sanitation and to assure that they are executed in accordance with the relative norms to the protection of the environment, the use and occupation of the ground and to the health (5). Another protection to the collective health established by Law 11,445/2007 is of that the application of budgetary resources of the Union in the administration, operation and public maintenance of service of basic sanitation not managed by agency or federal entity are allowed, in situations of eminent risk to the public health and the environment, for stated period determined (5). Consideraes final the understanding of the relations between basic sanitation and collective health brought by Law 11,445/2007 in such a way constitutes an important initial stage in the development of the Social Politics of Basic Sanitation as in the development of the collective health in a general way. Of this form, as the basic sanitation is condicionante indispensable to the health of the man, it is essential that they are detached and published OMS; Health and Sanitation. Basic sanitation.